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Luca Canziani – Ground Operations Post Holder - NEOS
Paolo Sordi – Processi di Scalo ed Aviazione Generale - SEA Aeroporti
OBIETTIVI DELLA ORGANIZZAZIONE E
DELLA NORMATIVA DI RIFERIMENTO
ORIGINI STORICHE DELLA
• Affidabilita’ del Trasporto marittimo
• Problematiche assicurative (LLOYD)
• Nascita dei primi “Registri Navali”
Con la nascita del trasporto aereo il sistema e’ stato
allargato all’aviazione civile (in Italia il registro navale –
RINA - ha contemplato anche la sorveglianza degli
PRINCIPI NORMATIVI: CAMPO DI
• CERTIF. AEROMOBILI (OMOLOGAZIONE)
• CERTIF. PERSONALE
• CERTIF. ORGANIZZAZIONI (COMPAGNIE AEREE,
ORGANIZZAZIONE DI MANUTENZIONE,
AEROPORTI, LABORATORI, COSTRUTTORI)
AND GROUND OPERATIONS
• ICAO - International Civil Aviation Organisation
• ENAC - Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile
• JAA - Joint Aviation Authority (Superseded)
• EASA - European Aviation Safety Agency
È l’organizzazione mondiale per l’aviazione civile fondata nel cordo della
“CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION”
a CHICAGO nel Novembre 1944.
a) Assicurare l’ordinato sviluppo dell’Aviazione Civile
b) Promuovere la sicurezza del volo nella
Navigazione Aerea Internazionale
Documenti di Riferimento ICAO
• Annessi (standards and recommended practices)
• Procedures for Air Navigation Services (PANS)
• Supplementary Procedures (SUPPS)
• Annex 1 - Personnel Licensing Annex • Annex 2 - Rules of the Air • Annex 3 - Meteorological Service For International Air Navigation • Annex 4 - Aeronautical Charts • Annex 5 - Units Of Measurement To Be Used In Air And Grnd Ops • Annex 6 - Operation Of Aircraft • Annex 7 - Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks • Annex 8 - Airworthiness of Aircraft • Annex 9 - Facilitation (Amendment 17, dated 11/4/99, incorporated) • Annex 10 - Aeronautical Telecommunications • Annex 11 - Air Traffic Control Service Flight Information Service • Annex 12 - Search And Rescue • Annex 13 - Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation • Annex 14 - Aerodromes • Annex 15 - Aeronautical Information Services • Annex 16 - Environmental Protection • Annex 17 - Security • Annex 18 - The Safe Transport Of Dangerous Goods By Air
ICAO World Areas
With the aim of planning of services, procedures and
facilities for the Air Navigation, ICAO sub-divided the
world into the following regions:
• PAC – PACIFIC;
• NAM – NORTH AMERICA;
• CAR – CARIBBEAN;
• SAM – SOUTH AMERICA;
• NAT – NORTH ATLANTIC;
• AFI – AFRICA
• MID – MIDDLE EAST;
• EUR – EUROPE;
• ASIA – ASIA.
ICAO World Areas
PREVIOUS RULEMAKER - JAA
PREVIOUS RULEMAKER - JAA
Joint Aviation Authorities HISTORY During the 70’s the Aviation Authorities of some
European Nations joined with the aim to issue common rules in respect of aeronautic products certification ( JAA ).
In 1979 they signed an agreement on the development and acceptance of common regulations under the name of: “JOINT AVIATION REQUIREMENTS”
1987 a “Memorandum Of Understanding” for the development of the future Airworthiness procedures is signed by few Authorities.
1989 the JAA becomes an associated body of ECAC European Civil Aviation Conference.
PREVIOUS RULEMAKER - JAA
The ECAC was an inter-governmental organisation with the aim to promote the development of civil aviation in a safe and orderly manner on the routes within and from/to Europe.
Nowadays JAA has not his rulemaker role anymore.
EASA is in charge for aviation rulemaking.
European Aviation Safety Agency
The European Aviation Safety Agency, EASA, is the agency of the European Union which has been given specific regulatory tasks in the field of aviation safety.
Its establishment is key to the implementation of the European Union’s strategy to maintain and improve the level of aviation safety in Europe and beyond.
Start-up 28 September 2003
European Aviation Safety Agency As its in-house experience has increased, the Agency will help the
European Commission to shape the rules for aviation safety in the following areas:
• the certification of aeronautical products, parts and appliances; • the approval of organisations and personnel engaged in the maintenance of these products; • the approval of air operations; • the licensing of air crew; and • the safety oversight of airports and air traffic services operators.
EU OPS – Flight Ops Manuals and GOM
Operator Documents and Organisation structure
The European Legislation (OPS1) require that Operator have manuals
that are in compliance to EU norms (Flight Ops Manuals).
After manual approval by National Authority it’s possible require
the AOC that allow the operator a/c's to fly as per type of
GOM, issued by the Ground Ops Post holder, is not an "Approved by
the Authority" manual but is approved internally by quality manager
and contains the approved procedures of the Flight Ops (General Basic
Ops Manual- GBOM) related to Ground Ops, plus specific procedures
that are not required by Eu Ops.
These procedures, such as tickets management, check
in and boarding, lost and found are detailed for the company
management that shall be known by all the operated airports.
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION
• Autorità Federale per l’Aviazione Civile U.S.A.
• Promulgatrice delle norme FAR
• Emette norme di riferimento inerenti il progetto, la
costruzione, il collaudo e l’impiego della maggioranza
di tipologie di aa/mm nel mondo
• Di fatto e’ il riferimento normativo del mondo
FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS
• Normativa FAR 25 (aamm oltre i 5670 Kg)
• Costituisce la base di “ispirazione” alla quasi totalita’ dei
regolamenti di progettazione impiegati in campo mondiale
• Altri regolamenti importanti: FAR23, FAR27, FAR29, FAR91,
ENAC – Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile
Enac - the Italian Civil Aviation Authority - was established on 25th July 1997 by Legislative Decree no.250/97 as the National Authority committed to oversee the technical regulation, the surveillance and the control in the civil aviation field.
Enac is engaged in dealing with the diverse regulatory aspects of air transport system and performs monitoring functions related to the enforcement of the adopted rules regulating administrative and economical issues.
ENAC – Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile Activities related to Ground Operations According to its institutional mandate, Enac performs •preliminary inquiries leading to the entrustment to joint-stock companies of
concessions for the total management of airports; •the entry into force of the Legislative Decree regarding the free access to the
market of handling services in national airports; •regulating procedures of airport services; •examination and assessment of land use projects and intervention programmes, as
well as investments and airport development; •preliminary evaluation of acts regarding tariffs and airport charges; •evaluation of the conditions for warranting the application of state funded fares on
certain city pairs; •certification of personnel operating in the aeronautical/air navigation field; •enforcement of recommendations issued by the National Flight Safety Agency.
Enac headquarters are in Rome and representative offices are located in the major Italian airports.
ENAC – Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile • CIRCOLARI • SERIE NAVIGABILITA’ (NAV), essenzialmente relative alla
costruzione,manutenzione ed impiego dei prodotti aeronautici, incluse le organizzazioni ed il personale che opera nel settore.