Certificazione delle Compagnie Aeree - Certificazione delle Compagnie Aeree. 2 OBIETTIVI DELLA...

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Transcript of Certificazione delle Compagnie Aeree - Certificazione delle Compagnie Aeree. 2 OBIETTIVI DELLA...

  • 1

    Luca Canziani – Ground Operations Post Holder - NEOS

    Paolo Sordi – Processi di Scalo ed Aviazione Generale - SEA Aeroporti

    di Milano

    Certificazione delle

    Compagnie Aeree

  • 2

    OBIETTIVI DELLA ORGANIZZAZIONE E

    DELLA NORMATIVA DI RIFERIMENTO

    • SICUREZZA

    • REGOLARITA’

    • EFFICIENZA

  • 3

    ORIGINI STORICHE DELLA

    CERTIFICAZIONE

    • Affidabilita’ del Trasporto marittimo

    • Problematiche assicurative (LLOYD)

    • Nascita dei primi “Registri Navali”

    Con la nascita del trasporto aereo il sistema e’ stato

    allargato all’aviazione civile (in Italia il registro navale –

    RINA - ha contemplato anche la sorveglianza degli

    aeromobili)

  • 4

    PRINCIPI NORMATIVI: CAMPO DI

    APPLICABILITA’

    • CERTIF. AEROMOBILI (OMOLOGAZIONE)

    • CERTIF. PERSONALE

    • CERTIF. ORGANIZZAZIONI (COMPAGNIE AEREE,

    ORGANIZZAZIONE DI MANUTENZIONE,

    AEROPORTI, LABORATORI, COSTRUTTORI)

  • 5

    AVIATION AUTHORITIES

    AND GROUND OPERATIONS

    • ICAO - International Civil Aviation Organisation

    • ENAC - Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile

    • JAA - Joint Aviation Authority (Superseded)

    • EASA - European Aviation Safety Agency

  • 6

    ICAO

    • INTERNATIONAL

    • CIVIL

    • AVIATION

    • ORGANISATION

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    ICAO

    ICAO

    È l’organizzazione mondiale per l’aviazione civile fondata nel cordo della

    “CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION”

    a CHICAGO nel Novembre 1944.

    Obiettivi principali:

    a) Assicurare l’ordinato sviluppo dell’Aviazione Civile

    Internazionale

    b) Promuovere la sicurezza del volo nella

    Navigazione Aerea Internazionale

  • 8

    Documenti di Riferimento ICAO

    • Annessi (standards and recommended practices)

    • Procedures for Air Navigation Services (PANS)

    • Supplementary Procedures (SUPPS)

    • Manuali

    • Circolari

  • 9

    ICAO ANNEXES

    • Annex 1 - Personnel Licensing Annex • Annex 2 - Rules of the Air • Annex 3 - Meteorological Service For International Air Navigation • Annex 4 - Aeronautical Charts • Annex 5 - Units Of Measurement To Be Used In Air And Grnd Ops • Annex 6 - Operation Of Aircraft • Annex 7 - Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks • Annex 8 - Airworthiness of Aircraft • Annex 9 - Facilitation (Amendment 17, dated 11/4/99, incorporated) • Annex 10 - Aeronautical Telecommunications • Annex 11 - Air Traffic Control Service Flight Information Service • Annex 12 - Search And Rescue • Annex 13 - Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation • Annex 14 - Aerodromes • Annex 15 - Aeronautical Information Services • Annex 16 - Environmental Protection • Annex 17 - Security • Annex 18 - The Safe Transport Of Dangerous Goods By Air

  • 10

    ICAO World Areas

    With the aim of planning of services, procedures and

    facilities for the Air Navigation, ICAO sub-divided the

    world into the following regions:

    • PAC – PACIFIC;

    • NAM – NORTH AMERICA;

    • CAR – CARIBBEAN;

    • SAM – SOUTH AMERICA;

    • NAT – NORTH ATLANTIC;

    • AFI – AFRICA

    • MID – MIDDLE EAST;

    • EUR – EUROPE;

    • ASIA – ASIA.

  • 11

    ICAO World Areas

  • 12

    PREVIOUS RULEMAKER - JAA

    • JOINT

    • AVIATION

    • AUTHORITIES

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    PREVIOUS RULEMAKER - JAA

    Joint Aviation Authorities HISTORY During the 70’s the Aviation Authorities of some

    European Nations joined with the aim to issue common rules in respect of aeronautic products certification ( JAA ).

    In 1979 they signed an agreement on the development and acceptance of common regulations under the name of: “JOINT AVIATION REQUIREMENTS”

    1987 a “Memorandum Of Understanding” for the development of the future Airworthiness procedures is signed by few Authorities.

    1989 the JAA becomes an associated body of ECAC European Civil Aviation Conference.

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    PREVIOUS RULEMAKER - JAA

    ECAC

    The ECAC was an inter-governmental organisation with the aim to promote the development of civil aviation in a safe and orderly manner on the routes within and from/to Europe.

    Nowadays JAA has not his rulemaker role anymore.

    EASA is in charge for aviation rulemaking.

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    EASA

    • European

    • Aviation

    • Safety

    • Agency

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    EASA

    European Aviation Safety Agency

    The European Aviation Safety Agency, EASA, is the agency of the European Union which has been given specific regulatory tasks in the field of aviation safety.

    Its establishment is key to the implementation of the European Union’s strategy to maintain and improve the level of aviation safety in Europe and beyond.

    Start-up 28 September 2003

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    EASA

    European Aviation Safety Agency As its in-house experience has increased, the Agency will help the

    European Commission to shape the rules for aviation safety in the following areas:

    • the certification of aeronautical products, parts and appliances; • the approval of organisations and personnel engaged in the maintenance of these products; • the approval of air operations; • the licensing of air crew; and • the safety oversight of airports and air traffic services operators.

  • 18

    EU OPS – Flight Ops Manuals and GOM

    Operator Documents and Organisation structure

    The European Legislation (OPS1) require that Operator have manuals

    that are in compliance to EU norms (Flight Ops Manuals).

    After manual approval by National Authority it’s possible require

    the AOC that allow the operator a/c's to fly as per type of

    approved operations.

    GOM, issued by the Ground Ops Post holder, is not an "Approved by

    the Authority" manual but is approved internally by quality manager

    and contains the approved procedures of the Flight Ops (General Basic

    Ops Manual- GBOM) related to Ground Ops, plus specific procedures

    that are not required by Eu Ops.

    These procedures, such as tickets management, check

    in and boarding, lost and found are detailed for the company

    management that shall be known by all the operated airports.

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    FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

    (F.A.A.)

    • Autorità Federale per l’Aviazione Civile U.S.A.

    • Promulgatrice delle norme FAR

    • Emette norme di riferimento inerenti il progetto, la

    costruzione, il collaudo e l’impiego della maggioranza

    di tipologie di aa/mm nel mondo

    • Di fatto e’ il riferimento normativo del mondo

    occidentale

  • 20

    FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS

    (FAR)

    • Normativa FAR 25 (aamm oltre i 5670 Kg)

    • Costituisce la base di “ispirazione” alla quasi totalita’ dei

    regolamenti di progettazione impiegati in campo mondiale

    • Altri regolamenti importanti: FAR23, FAR27, FAR29, FAR91,

    FAR141

  • 21

    ENAC

    • Ente

    • Nazionale

    • Aviazione

    • Civile

  • 22

    ENAC

    ENAC – Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile

    Enac - the Italian Civil Aviation Authority - was established on 25th July 1997 by Legislative Decree no.250/97 as the National Authority committed to oversee the technical regulation, the surveillance and the control in the civil aviation field.

    Enac is engaged in dealing with the diverse regulatory aspects of air transport system and performs monitoring functions related to the enforcement of the adopted rules regulating administrative and economical issues.

  • 23

    ENAC

    ENAC – Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile Activities related to Ground Operations According to its institutional mandate, Enac performs •preliminary inquiries leading to the entrustment to joint-stock companies of

    concessions for the total management of airports; •the entry into force of the Legislative Decree regarding the free access to the

    market of handling services in national airports; •regulating procedures of airport services; •examination and assessment of land use projects and intervention programmes, as

    well as investments and airport development; •preliminary evaluation of acts regarding tariffs and airport charges; •evaluation of the conditions for warranting the application of state funded fares on

    certain city pairs; •certification of personnel operating in the aeronautical/air navigation field; •enforcement of recommendations issued by the National Flight Safety Agency.

    Enac headquarters are in Rome and representative offices are located in the major Italian airports.

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    Circolari ENAC

    ENAC – Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile • CIRCOLARI • SERIE NAVIGABILITA’ (NAV), essenzialmente relative alla

    costruzione,manutenzione ed impiego dei prodotti aeronautici, incluse le organizzazioni ed il personale che opera nel settore.